The Bahrain Shooting Federation has already initiated the archery sport in its sports. On this occasion we selected an article from “topendsports” website:
An Overview of Olympic Archery by Scott Byers
Archery first appeared as a sport in the Olympic games in Paris in 1904, 1908, and 1920. Because no formal rules were developed for the game, each country developed their own format. The Federation Internationale de Tir a l’Arc (FITA) was founded in 1931 and created standardized rules for competition. At first, there were only individual competitions held, but 1988 team competitions began being held.
There are four different archery events held at the Olympics:
- Men’s Individual
- Women’s Individual
- Men’s Team
- Women’s Team.
Archers used to shoot a double FITA round of 288 total arrows, with the championship decided by the highest total score. In an effort to make the sport more exciting, the format was changed to head-to-head elimination for the top 64 competitors beginning with the 1992 Olympics.
The format of the men’s and women’s individual competition is the same and consists of a ranking round followed by the FITA Olympics round. In the ranking round, archers shoot 72 arrows at a target 70 meters (229 feet, 8 inches) away in 12 ends of six arrows each. A perfect score is 720. The same set of shots is used to seed teams for the team competitions. The FITA Olympic round is divided into the elimination round and the finals round. The 64 competitors, seeded from the ranking round, advance to the elimination round, a single-elimination, head-to-head style of competition (seed No. 64 vs. seed No. 1, 63 vs. 2, etc). Six ends of three arrows — for a total of 18 — are shot at a target 70 meters away with a 40-second time limit per arrow.
The format of the men’s and women’s team competition is the same and consists of the ranking round, followed by the FITA Olympic round. In the ranking round, archers shoot 72 arrows at a target 70 meters (229 feet, 8 inches) away in 12 ends of six arrows each. A perfect score is 720. The same set of shots is used to seed competitors in the individual competitions as well. In the men’s and women’s competitions, the top 16 teams — seeded from the ranking round — are selected using scores from the ranking round. If there are less than 16 teams, the top teams will be given byes.
- Each team consists of three archers.
- In all matches in the team event, each team shoots three ends of nine arrows each with each archer on the team shooting one end.
- Each of the three archers is required to finish their end within three minutes. Only one archer of the team shoots at a time.
- When the first archer finishes shooting his end, the second archer starts. The third shooter follows the second one. The arrows are scored and pulled after each team shoots nine arrows.
- The winners of each match move to the next round.
- The first round or eighth-finals consists of 16 teams on the line shooting in eight matches.
- The second round or quarterfinals consists of the eight winning teams shooting at the same time in four matches.
- In the semifinal round, the four winning teams meet.
- The losers of the semifinals shoot for the bronze medal.
- The winners shoot for the gold.
- If tied, each archer from each team shoots one arrow.
- The closest of the three arrows to the center for each team will be compared to the closest-to-the-center arrow of the other team to break the tie.
- Only one archer from each team shoots at a time.
We also selected the below article from” Olympic.org” to show the equipment used for this sport:
A guard that, when an arrow is shot, protects the arm from being hit by the bowstring.
Arrows have a maximum diameter of 9.3 millimetres, although, for faster flight and less wind drift, most are as small as 5.5 millimetres. Each arrow must be marked with the competitor’s name or initials, while archers use distinctive colours for the nocks and vanes to distinguish their arrows.
The bow’s draw weight is around 22 kilograms (48 pounds) for men, and over 17 kg (38 lbs.) for women. The bow consists of a riser and two limbs.
The string of a bow.Most strings are made of high-tech polyethylene fibres, which are stronger than steel.
Plastic or leather, to keep clothing out of the way and to protect against a bowstring at release from injuring the body.
Finger tab or shooting glove
A flat piece of leather worn as a guard to protect the finger when the arrow releases.
The real or artificial feathers at the back of an arrow designed to make it fly straight.
Hand grip or handle
The handle of the bow.
A container for holding arrows, usually worn around the waist.
The attachment on the rear end of an arrow that holds it in place on the bowstring.
A mechanical device placed on the bow to help the archer aim; also called a “bowsight”.
A weight mounted on the bow to stabilise it during and after a shot.
The target is 1.22 metres (48 inches) in diameter, but, to the archer, standing those 70 metres (86.4 yards) away, it appears about the size of a thumbtack held at arm’s length. The centre of the target stands 1.3 metres above the ground. The centre ring is 12.2 centimetres (4.8 in.) in diameter. There is also a smaller X10-ring, which is 6.1 centimetres (2.4 in.) in diameter. It does not give extra point, but it serves as tie-breaker for the archers during qualifications or for world record.”